The most of original American silent films were directed by theses Europeans, who arrived to Hollywood. They were famous in their home countries. They often belonged to the elite and were considered as the leaders of European movie industry. To this elite belonged also Friedrich W. Murnau, a German movie director. He was the follower of expressionism. He thought that all the details creating atmosphere are much important that the proper plot. His attitude is seen in his movie called "Sunrise" from 1927. This movie is considered as the director's magnum opus. Friedrich W. Murnau adapted also H. Sudermann's story called "A Trip to Tilsit". It is the story about a young couple, who decide to move from the country to the town. They want to look for the happiness. According to the book her husband dies when the couple start to be happy. Murnau thought that the ending was too sad (the sad endings were popular in Naturalist books). The director changed not only the location (according to the book the action takes place in East Prussia), but also the ending. There is the happy end in the movie. What is more, Murnau added some important words at the beginning of the movie: "This Song of the Man and his Wife is of no place and every place, you might hear it anywhere at any time". Thanks to the statement the viewers are informed that the action may have taken place in every part of the world. It wasn't rooted only in American convention, but it could be directed to everyone.

This movie is considered to the masterpiece. Some critics thought this film as the best silent movie ever made. The director allowed the camera men to do everything. Only some important instruction of the director was taken into consideration. The some shimmering light effects in "Sunrise" are very similar to the effects on paintings of Impressionist Claude Monet. The texts are quite simple, but the movie concentrates on the most important aspects of past and present life. The village is presented as the pure and unspoilt place, whereas the city is corrupted and evil. It is a kind of simplification of the views on village and city, but I think that this treatment of life in the city and in the country still exists. The movie is full of symbols, which is quite typical for Murnau's films. No matter where we are staying at and whether it is a town or a village, many things depend on our action.

There are three types of heroes in this movie. They are quite stereotypical. They are The Husband, The Wife and The Woman from the City. Action and ideas presented in this film are very simple and easy to solve. The Husband talked by The Woman from the City into drowning his Wife realises the mistake he is committing. Then he asks his Wife to forgive him. After the forgiveness they travel to the City. They are so happy and so surprised. They are wandering around the whole City. Then they decide to come back home. After the disturbances then they live very happily.

The plot is quite uncomplicated. What is breathtaking in this movie is the presentation of the country. It is presented as a clear and untouched place, whereas the city is spoilt and unnatural. Also the camera work confirms the idealised life in the country and brutal city. The scenes taken in the country are amazing. The light reflects off the surface of water, whereas the city is full of glass, which reflects the light. The Husband is being tempted by a vamp woman with all kinds of city's entertainment such as music, technology and crowds. The Man is charmed by the Woman from the City and he is easily persuaded to drown his Wife. Nevertheless this fact, the Man isn't considered to be bad. As the villainous The Woman from the City is treated. What is more, the whole City is presented as corrupted and sinful. When the Man tries to repair his mistake, he comes back with his lovely Wife to the City. Everything is changed.

There is a very important scene, which is repeated twice. The scene, when the marriage couple enters the street which is full of cars and the Wife tries to run away in anger she is almost run down. Then the scene is partly repeated. In the second scene the couple is going through the same street full of cars and they manage to do it unharmed. It seems that they are immune to the negative aspects of the City. Now the city isn't so evil how it seemed to be at first. The couple is together again and the City isn't the threat for them any more. The couple is going to take a symbolic wedding. Then they visit the barber and cutting hair is the symbolic transformation of the Husband. Later they take photos. Now the City is presented as the place full of fun and a kind of playground. The couple seems to be innocent and the City doesn't harm them.

The country is presented very similar. During the movie the village is going through the kind of transformation. At first the village has rather unpleasant image. It is full of some forgotten marshes. And the nights are foggy in the village. These aren't nice scenes. Then the village turns into the place full of peace and quiet. This gloomy image of the village was strongly connected to the image of the Woman from the City. So it shows that whether a given place is bad or good depends on the people who live there. They create the atmosphere of the place. The meaningful is the scene where the Wife and the Husband run to each other. There aren't any marshes around. The weather is warm and sunny. Everything around is happy and joyful.

The viewers are overwhelmed with effects full of the positive force of nature. The good always wins, whereas the evilness fails. It is also confirmed in this movie. This massage can't be undermined. Moreover, Murnau's "Sunrise" presents us how dependant we are to the society we are finding ourselves. In fact, still a lot of things depend on us and our attitude to many matters. If we are susceptive to external factors, the place we are finding at may influence on us. The film shows the significant differences between the rural and urban life. According to the movie city is bed, spoilt and evil, whereas the village is innocent and peaceful. Moreover, the environment in the movie reflects the moods and behaviour of the heroes. The village and the city are completely opposition. The village is a symbol of peace and harmony, but the city is too noisy and troublesome. In spite of the fact that this movie is silent one, its message is very clear and unquestionable. What is more, the massage is still up-to-date. It shows us the differences between rural and urban societies. What is more, it is considered as the masterpiece because of the fact that there are many breathtaking scenes set on location and the beauty of nature is showed. It presents how people can change under influence of new conditions and how city together with its all attraction may spoil us. The director wanted to show us that we can find peace, solace and quite among the nature.