Great Britain is an example of constitutional monarchy. It means that British monarch, who today is Queen Elizabeth II, is also the head of the country. Moreover, the Queen has also the title of the head of the judiciary. It means that she is the head of every judge as well as the head of English Church. In addition, she is the Commander-in-Chief of all army forces.

To the important functions of the Queen belongs ceremonial. On every great occasion, for example the Opening of Parliament, the Queen rides through London in her golden carriage and she is guarded by soldiers. Then she invites the state's member to a banquet, usually it takes place in Buckingham Palace. The foreign monarchs and important politician meet Britain and British soldiers, who are dressed in 18th century uniforms.

The Queen is also the head of the Commonwealth countries (it is a group consisted of former and present colonies of Great Britain). As she is the head of the Commonwealth, she is supposed to meet the prime ministers of these member states.

Windsor is the surname of British Royal family. The surname of Royal family sounds British. However, their ancestors were from German. Great-great-grandmother of the Queen Elizabeth II was Queen Victoria (1819-1910), who was born in Great Britain. However, their mother and Queen Victoria's husband were Germans. When she got married, Queen Victoria was named Saxe-Coburg-Gotha. Then the British Royal family decided to continue with the surname which it used until the World War I (1914-1918). That years King George V (1865-1936) adopted the more English surname of Windsor. Windsor is also the name of a British castle.

Both King George VI and Queen Elizabeth (she is known also as the Queen Mother) were very popular among British inhabitants during the World War II (1939-1945). The Family refused to move from London, although their home - Buckingham Palace was destroyed and bombed. In 1952 there was a coronation of Elizabeth II. Since that day she has represented Great Britain in every visit in the world.

However, the Queen's constitutional role is very symbolic. The real power is in hands of British Parliament (led by the Prime Minister). The British Parliament is consisted of two chambers: first of them is House of Commons and the upper one is House of Lords. The House of Commons is very powerful and it is responsible for creating the national policy. House of Lords often ask the House of Commons to change some parts of a given bill before the bill becomes a law.

The House of Commons is consisted of Members of Parliament, called MPs. Every MP is elected by people in a constituency (it means region). In House of Commons there are 651 MPs. 524 of them come from England, 72 are from Scotland, 38 from Wales and 17 come from Northern Ireland). There were 59 women MPs in British House of Common.

There are 1203 members of upper chamber, which is the House of Lords. The members aren't elected. Some of them are life peers. It means that they are the members of the House of Lords, however their daughters or sons can't become the members. Life peers were usually the members of the House of Commons. Among them there are also some judges. The majority of members of the House of Lords (774) are hereditary peers, which means that they belong the aristocratic families. Most members of the House of Lords are the members of House of Lords because of the fact that some of their ancestors were the members.

The party which has the majority of seats in the lower chamber creates the government. The one who leads this party becomes Prime Minister and he is responsible for appointing the Cabinet. The people who are in the Cabinet become the government ministers. However, the Prime Minister still is the most important member in the whole Parliament. The party which was second is called the Opposition and it may form the Shadow Cabinet.

British Prime Minister lives at 10 Downing Street. The Chancellor of the Exchequer (the person who is responsible for matters connected with money and finance) lives the next door at the number of 11. British often refer to "Downing Street" when they are talking about the Prime Minister and the Cabinet.

There is the general election in Great Britain taken place every five years. Everyone over the age of eighteen years old may vote. They vote for a candidate they choose from the list in a given constituency. The candidate who gathers the greatest number of votes becomes the Member of Parliament of the House of Commons. It happens also when the person has even one more votes then the person who has the second place. The system is called "first past the post" system.

This system presents the most powerful parties. Since the 1920s the main parties that won the elections the left-wing Labour Party whereas the right-wing party is the Conservative Party. The Liberal Democrats, which is a kind of centre party, aren't quite happy with the "first past the post" system. It means that this party doesn't win the seats in British parliament. The Liberal Democrats prefer the election system depended on the proportional representation. This system means that every party receives the proportional number of seats.